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Lappeenranta University of Technology
(LUT, Lappeenranta, Finland)


Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT) was established in 1969 as a national university of technology. LUT is state-run and financed by the Ministry of Education. Lappeenranta University of Technology is specialized in technology and economics. About 5000 students study in the various degree programmes offered by the university, and about 900 new students are admitted each year. There are about 500 postgraduate students, and 900 members of staff.

The most outstanding feature of the university is the way in which it has successfully integrated expertise in technology and economics. LUT's location in town Lappeenranta very near the border between the EU and Russia has also had a major impact on the university's activities and orientation.

In Finland a new nuclear power plant unit, Olkiluoto 3, is under construction, the nuclear repository test site ONKALO is being excavated, environmental impact assessments for a further NPP are going on. LUT has responded to the challenge of training majority of the nuclear engineering professionals needed in Finland. The students graduating from our laboratory have good basic knowledge in all disciplines related to nuclear energy applications and energy and power plant technology, and special knowledge in the following branches of nuclear technology: radiation protection, safety issues, function and system knowledge in nuclear power plants, computer code modeling of nuclear power plants, nuclear reactor and radiation physics, nuclear waste and environmental effects. Students have possibility to acquire the ENEN certificate (EMSNE) by studying 20 ETCS in co-operative universities of LUT.

Website:   http://www.et.lut.fi/en/laboratories/nuclear.html 

Contact:    Prof. Riitta Kyrki-Rajamäki      Email: Riitta.Kyrki@lut.fi


Academic year 2007-2008

Master of Nuclear Engineering:

  - Introduction to Nuclear Engineering            - Basics of Nuclear Engineering

  - Nuclear Engineering I                                  - Nuclear Engineering II

  - Modeling of Nuclear Power Plants               - Radiation Protection

  - Reliability Engineering                                 - Fusion Technology

  - Nuclear Waste Management

     Number of students 2007-2008:  Total 15

     Language: Finnish

     For further information: http://www.et.lut.fi/en/laboratories/nuclear.html









3 period

Introduction to Nuclear Engineering

Radiation health effects, basics of fission and fusion, chain reaction, basic structure of nuclear power plants, basics in safety, accidents, INES-scale, fuel cycle, radioactive waste management

14h lectures
14h exercices

Pr. R. Kyrki-Rajamäki



3.-4. period

Basics of Nuclear Engineering

History of nuclear energy. Nuclear reactions by neutrons, (fission and fission products). Basics in Nuclear physics, cross-sections, reactivity, fuel heat transfer. Types of nuclear power plants especially in Finland. Burn-up. Actinides.

28h lectures
28h exercices

Pr. R. Kyrki-Rajamäki



1.-2. period

Nuclear Engineering I

Review to nuclear power programs of different nations. Reactor physics, solving simplified criticality problem. Reactor core design basis. Development history, structure and operation of LWRs, main components, most important safety and auxiliary systems, control and instrumentation. Excursion to Loviisa nuclear power plant.

28h lectures
28h exercices,
two exercice projects, presentation of selected nation nuclear power programme

Pr. R. Kyrki-Rajamäki



3.-4. period

Nuclear Engineering II

Nuclear power plant types, fuel cycle Safety issues: reactor kinetics, reactivity accident, LOCA, reliability studies, safety analysis. Licensing nuclear power plants, development of
Nuclear power using LWRs in future. Excursion to Olkiluoto nuclear power plant.

28h lectures
28h exercices,
two exercice projects

Pr. R. Kyrki-Rajamäki



1.-2. period

Modeling of Nuclear Power Plants

Thermal hydraulic phenomena in nuclear power plants during normal operation, transient and accidents. Calculation of two-phase flow.
Phenomena and modeling of fuel. Severe accident phenomena.
Experimental and measurement techniques. Modeling of essential processes in nuclear power plants with
APROS, and RELAP, TRACE –computer codes.

28h lectures
28h exercices,
Computer exercices in class, exercice project with Apros code

Pr. R. Kyrki-Rajamäki



2. period

Radiation Protection

Radiation protection and radiation safety

28h lectures
14h exercices

Pr. Antti Luukko



1.-2. period

Reliability Engineering

Basic methods in reliability engineering and applications used in nuclear power plants

28h lectures
28h exercices

Visiting lecturers from VTT, STUK, TVO and Fortum



3.-4. period

Fusion Technology

Basics in fusion energy and technology, utilization possibilities. Status of fusion research.

28h lectures
28h exercices, exercice project

Visiting lecturers from TKK and VTT



4. period

Nuclear Waste Management

Enhanced information of nuclear waste management. Waste types, disposal techniques, costs.

15h lectures

Pr. R. Kyrki-Rajamäki, visiting lecturers from POSIVA and VTT.



All year

Master thesis stage

University, VTT, TVO, Fortum, STUK etc.

6 months






   Heikki Purhonen: Experimental thermal hydraulic studies on the enhancement of safety of LWRs

Courses and seminars:

  Fifth Basic Professional Training Course on Nuclear Safety – Finland (YK5), October 2007- March 2008